Passion Week – Tuesday
- The Lord is still on the Mount of Olives teaching.
- It is evident from the dialogue of the texts that the crowd is mixed.
- Jesus is not just addressing the disciples but also the chief priest, Pharisees and Sadducees.
- Jesus is still addressing Israel’s rejection to enter the kingdom.
Tuesday – The Marriage Feast, Matthew 22:1-14
- This parable contains kingdom principles.
- The marriage refers to the wedding feast in Revelation 19:6-9.
Revelation 19:6–9 (NKJV) 6And I heard, as it were, the voice of a great multitude, as the sound of many waters and as the sound of mighty thunderings, saying, “Alleluia! For the Lord God Omnipotent reigns! 7Let us be glad and rejoice and give Him glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready.”
Notice the sound of celebration at the announcement of the wedding of the Lamb.
What did the voice of celebration sound like?
- The reason for the sound of rejoicing is two-fold.
- First, the time for the marriage has come.
- Second, the bride of Christ has made herself ready.
Revelation 19:8–9 (NKJV) 8And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints. 9Then he said to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb!’ ” And he said to me, “These are the true sayings of God.”
Watch what happened in the parable of the marriage feast.
Matthew 22:1–3 (NKJV) 1And Jesus answered and spoke to them again by parables and said: 2“The kingdom of heaven is like a certain king who arranged a marriage for his son, 3and sent out his servants to call those who were invited to the wedding; and they were not willing to come.
- The King is God and the Son is Jesus Christ.
- This is the first stage of the invitation.
- This announcement was sent out in advance.
- It is evident that the first invitation went to Israel.
- Preparations for the feast were still being made.
What was their response to the invitation?
Matthew 22:4 (NKJV) 4Again, he sent out other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited, “See, I have prepared my dinner; my oxen and fatted cattle are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the wedding.” ’
- This is the second stage of the invitation.
- The Lord said everything was prepared for those who were invited.
Watch their response.
Matthew 22:5–7 (NKJV) 5But they made light of it and went their ways, one to his own farm, another to his business. 6And the rest seized his servants, treated them spitefully, and killed them. 7But when the king heard about it, he was furious. And he sent out his armies, destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.
God takes this invitation very seriously.
- Jesus was referring to Israel’s rejection of Him.
- God has made plans for a great celebration.
- John the Baptist, Jesus, and the disciples had been ignored and persecuted.
- Jesus said the banquet was prepared.
Notice how Israel’s rejection opened the door for the Gentiles.
Matthew 22:8–11 (NKJV) 8Then he said to his servants, ‘The wedding is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy. 9Therefore go into the highways, and as many as you find, invite to the wedding.’ 10So those servants went out into the highways and gathered together all whom they found, both bad and good. And the wedding hall was filled with guests. 11“But when the king came in to see the guests, he saw a man there who did not have on a wedding garment.
What kind of people responded to the call to come to the wedding banquet?
- The invitation of the gospel is broad.
Revelation 22:17 (NKJV) And the Spirit and the bride say, “Come!” And let him who hears say, “Come!” And let him who thirsts come. Whoever desires, let him take the water of life freely.
Does God’s grace and mercy relieve us from individual preparedness?
- Although the invitation of the gospel is broad, individual preparation is required.
What does it mean to not have on a wedding garment?
Revelation 3:18 (NKJV) 18I counsel you to buy from Me gold refined in the fire, that you may be rich; and white garments, that you may be clothed, that the shame of your nakedness may not be revealed; and anoint your eyes with eye salve, that you may see.
Revelation 19:8 (NKJV) 8And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
Since God requires certain acts of righteousness, how do we meet His requirement?
Romans 8:3–4 (NKJV) 3For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh, 4that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.
Matthew 22:12–14 (NKJV) 12So he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you come in here without a wedding garment?’ And he was speechless. 13Then the king said to the servants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’ 14“For many are called, but few are chosen.”
- It appears that the king was surprised that he came in there without a wedding garment.
- The free gift of God is readily available to any who will put their trust in Jesus Christ.
Ephesians 2:8–9 (NKJV) 8For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, 9not of works, lest anyone should boast.
Tuesday – Question of Taxes , Matthew 22:15-22; Mark 12:13-17; Luke 20:20-26
Mark 12:13–14 (NKJV) 13Then they sent to Him some of the Pharisees and the Herodians, to catch Him in His words. 14When they had come, they said to Him, “Teacher, we know that You are true, and care about no one; for You do not regard the person of men, but teach the way of God in truth. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?
- The Herodians were a Jewish political party that were loyal to Herod the Great and the Roman Empire.
- Luke says spies were sent who pretended to be righteous to attempt to catch Jesus in His words.
Mark 12:15–17 (NKJV) 15Shall we pay, or shall we not pay?” But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, “Why do you test Me? Bring Me a denarius that I may see it.” 16So they brought it. And He said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?” They said to Him, “Caesar’s.” 17And Jesus answered and said to them, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they marveled at Him.
- Jesus did not establish a civil government.
- He refused to support or speak against the Roman government.
- He said, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”
What does it mean to “give to God the things that are God’s?”
Tuesday – Sadducees’ Question the Resurrection, Matthew 22:23-33; Mark 12:18-27; Luke 20:27-40
Matthew 22:23–24 (NKJV) 23The same day the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Him and asked Him, 24saying: “Teacher, Moses said that if a man dies, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife and raise up offspring for his brother.
- Pay attention to the fact that the Sadducees did not believe in the resurrection.
- The Sadducees held as their authority the Pentateuch or first five books of the Bible.
- In Deuteronomy 25:5-6, the law required the widow who has no son be married to her husband’s brother.
- This was done to raise up a name for his brother in Israel.
- It was called the law of the levirate marriage.
Matthew 22:25–30 (NKJV) 25Now there were with us seven brothers. The first died after he had married, and having no offspring, left his wife to his brother. 26Likewise the second also, and the third, even to the seventh. 27Last of all the woman died also. 28Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife of the seven will she be? For they all had her.” 29Jesus answered and said to them, “You are mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God. 30For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels of God in heaven.
- To the Sadducees, the resurrection of the dead posed so many problems that it was not reasonable and could not be possible.
- Jesus’ reply has two points.
- First, they were ignorant of the Scriptures.
- The Bible never says the husband-wife relationship will continue in heaven.
- Men and women will be as the angels, that never marry nor or given in marriage.
Matthew 22:31–33 (NKJV) 31But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God, saying, 32‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.” 33And when the multitudes heard this, they were astonished at His teaching.
- Second, they were ignorant of the power of God.
- If God is able to create men from the dust of the ground, can He not refashion those who died into new and glorious bodies?
Jesus is referring to Exodus 3:6.
Exodus 3:6 (NKJV) 6Moreover He said, “I am the God of your father—the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.
- Notice that God did not say, “I was the God of your father,” but “I am the God of your father.”
- Jesus is declaring the truth of life after death and the resurrection.