Passion Week – Thursday – Friday
At the conclusion of His prayer, Jesus spoke to Peter, James, and John.
Jesus’ prayer had been in great agony and intercession for Himself, His disciples, and for all believers.
Jesus betrayal, Matthew 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53; John 18:3-13
Matthew 26:45–46 (NKJV) 45Then He came to His disciples and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners. 46Rise, let us be going. See, My betrayer is at hand.”
John 18:2–3 (NKJV) 2And Judas, who betrayed Him, also knew the place; for Jesus often met there with His disciples. 3Then Judas, having received a detachment of troops, and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.
- In Matthew 26:14, Judas Iscariot contracted with the chief priests to betray Jesus for thirty pieces of silver.
- Luke says the chief priests, elders and captains of the temple were with the multitude.
- Two groups of troops and the religious leaders came out to take Jesus.
- The detachment of Roman soldiers were between 200 and 600.
- The officers of the temple guard were Levitical officers who were responsible for guarding and keeping order in the temple.
- The temple officers were under the command of the Sanhedrin or Jewish council.
Mark 14:44 (NKJV) 44Now His betrayer had given them a signal, saying, “Whomever I kiss, He is the One; seize Him and lead Him away safely.”
Matthew 26:49 (NKJV) 49Immediately he went up to Jesus and said, “Greetings, Rabbi!” and kissed Him.
Luke 22:48 (NKJV) 48But Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”
Matthew 26:50 (NKJV) 50But Jesus said to him, “Friend, why have you come?” Then they came and laid hands on Jesus and took Him.
- Jesus was not surprised by the things that were happening.
- He was unarmed, but He was in control.
John 18:4–6 (NKJV) 4Jesus therefore, knowing all things that would come upon Him, went forward and said to them, “Whom are you seeking?” 5They answered Him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am He.” And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them. 6Now when He said to them, “I am He,” they drew back and fell to the ground.
- Jesus’ statement “I am He,” was a manifestation of His deity and power.
- The revelation was so powerful that the multitude went backward and fell to the ground.
Since Jesus had such authority and power, why did He allow them to take Him?
John 18:7–11 (NKJV) 7Then He asked them again, “Whom are you seeking?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.” 8Jesus answered, “I have told you that I am He. Therefore, if you seek Me, let these go their way,” 9that the saying might be fulfilled which He spoke, “Of those whom You gave Me I have lost none.” 10Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus. 11So Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into the sheath. Shall I not drink the cup which My Father has given Me?”
Was it not the right thing for Peter to defend Jesus?
What does it mean to “drink the cup which My Father has given Me?”
Luke 22:51 (NKJV) 51But Jesus answered and said, “Permit even this.” And He touched his ear and healed him.
- “Permit even this” referred to Jesus treatment by the crowd.
Why did Jesus heal Malchus’ ear?
- Jesus’ nature and character had not changed.
Matthew 26:52–56 (NKJV) 52But Jesus said to him, “Put your sword in its place, for all who take the sword will perish by the sword. 53Or do you think that I cannot now pray to My Father, and He will provide Me with more than twelve legions of angels? 54How then could the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must happen thus?” 55In that hour Jesus said to the multitudes, “Have you come out, as against a robber, with swords and clubs to take Me? I sat daily with you, teaching in the temple, and you did not seize Me. 56But all this was done that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples forsook Him and fled.
- The action of the multitudes is a fulfillment of the prophets.
- Read Isaiah 50:6 and Isaiah 53:2-11
Luke 22:52–53 (NKJV) 52Then Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and the elders who had come to Him, “Have you come out, as against a robber, with swords and clubs? 53When I was with you daily in the temple, you did not try to seize Me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness.”
Mark 14:50–52 (NKJV) 50Then they all forsook Him and fled. 51Now a certain young man followed Him, having a linen cloth thrown around his naked body. And the young men laid hold of him, 52and he left the linen cloth and fled from them naked.
Why did the disciples forsake Him and flee?
Jesus before Caiaphas the high priest. (Matthew 26:57-68; Mark 14:53-65; Luke 22:54-68)
Matthew 26:57–58 (NKJV) 57And those who had laid hold of Jesus led Him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled. 58But Peter followed Him at a distance to the high priest’s courtyard. And he went in and sat with the servants to see the end.
- The high priest’s courtyard was part of his palace.
Why did Peter follow at a distance?
- John 18:15-16 tells us that Peter and another disciple followed Jesus.
- That other disciple was known to the high priest and went into the courtyard of the high priest.
- Peter stood at the door outside the courtyard.
- Then the other disciple spoke to the servant girl who kept the door and brought Peter in.
Luke 22:54–62 (NKJV) 54Having arrested Him, they led Him and brought Him into the high priest’s house. But Peter followed at a distance. 55Now when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat among them. 56And a certain servant girl, seeing him as he sat by the fire, looked intently at him and said, “This man was also with Him.” 57But he denied Him, saying, “Woman, I do not know Him.” 58And after a little while another saw him and said, “You also are of them.” But Peter said, “Man, I am not!” 59Then after about an hour had passed, another confidently affirmed, saying, “Surely this fellow also was with Him, for he is a Galilean.” 60But Peter said, “Man, I do not know what you are saying!” Immediately, while he was still speaking, the rooster crowed. 61And the Lord turned and looked at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said to him, “Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.” 62So Peter went out and wept bitterly.
Matthew 26:59–68 (NKJV) 59Now the chief priests, the elders, and all the council sought false testimony against Jesus to put Him to death, 60but found none. Even though many false witnesses came forward, they found none. But at last two false witnesses came forward 61and said, “This fellow said, ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God and to build it in three days.’ ” 62And the high priest arose and said to Him, “Do You answer nothing? What is it these men testify against You?” 63But Jesus kept silent. And the high priest answered and said to Him, “I put You under oath by the living God: Tell us if You are the Christ, the Son of God!” 64Jesus said to him, “It is as you said. Nevertheless, I say to you, hereafter you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.” 65Then the high priest tore his clothes, saying, “He has spoken blasphemy! What further need do we have of witnesses? Look, now you have heard His blasphemy! 66What do you think?” They answered and said, “He is deserving of death.” 67Then they spat in His face and beat Him; and others struck Him with the palms of their hands, 68saying, “Prophesy to us, Christ! Who is the one who struck You?”
After dawn on Friday, Jesus was condemned by the Sanhedrin. (Matthew 27:1; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66-71)
Luke 22:66–71 (NKJV) 66As soon as it was day, the elders of the people, both chief priests and scribes, came together and led Him into their council, saying, 67“If You are the Christ, tell us.” But He said to them, “If I tell you, you will by no means believe. 68And if I also ask you, you will by no means answer Me or let Me go. 69Hereafter the Son of Man will sit on the right hand of the power of God.” 70Then they all said, “Are You then the Son of God?” So He said to them, “You rightly say that I am.” 71And they said, “What further testimony do we need? For we have heard it ourselves from His own mouth.”
Judas’ remorse and suicide, Matthew 27:3-10; Acts 1:18-19
Matthew 27:3–5 (NKJV) 3Then Judas, His betrayer, seeing that He had been condemned, was remorseful and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, 4saying, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood.” And they said, “What is that to us? You see to it!” 5Then he threw down the pieces of silver in the temple and departed, and went and hanged himself.
- It is believed that Judas hanged himself with a rope and the tree limb broke and he fell into a plot of land called Akel Dama or the Field of Blood in Hinnom Valley.
Matthew 27:6–10 (NKJV) 6But the chief priests took the silver pieces and said, “It is not lawful to put them into the treasury, because they are the price of blood.” 7And they consulted together and bought with them the potter’s field, to bury strangers in. 8Therefore that field has been called the Field of Blood to this day. 9Then was fulfilled what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying, “And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the value of Him who was priced, whom they of the children of Israel priced, 10and gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord directed me.”
Acts 1:18–19 (NKJV) 18(Now this man purchased a field with the wages of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst open in the middle and all his entrails gushed out. 19And it became known to all those dwelling in Jerusalem; so that field is called in their own language, Akel Dama, that is, Field of Blood.)
Jesus is taken to Pilate for the first time – In the Praetorium, Matthew 27:2-14; Mark 15:1-5; Luke 23:1-5; John 18:28-38
Matthew 27:1–2 (NKJV) 1When morning came, all the chief priests and elders of the people plotted against Jesus to put Him to death. 2And when they had bound Him, they led Him away and delivered Him to Pontius Pilate the governor.
John 18:28 (NKJV) 28Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. But they themselves did not go into the Praetorium, lest they should be defiled, but that they might eat the Passover.
Luke 23:2–5 (NKJV) 2And they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to pay taxes to Caesar, saying that He Himself is Christ, a King.” 3Then Pilate asked Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” He answered him and said, “It is as you say.” 4So Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no fault in this Man.” 5But they were the more fierce, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee to this place.”
John 18:29–38 (NKJV) 29Pilate then went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this Man?” 30They answered and said to him, “If He were not an evildoer, we would not have delivered Him up to you.” 31Then Pilate said to them, “You take Him and judge Him according to your law.” Therefore the Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death,” 32that the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled which He spoke, signifying by what death He would die. 33Then Pilate entered the Praetorium again, called Jesus, and said to Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” 34Jesus answered him, “Are you speaking for yourself about this, or did others tell you this concerning Me?” 35Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered You to me. What have You done?” 36Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here.” 37Pilate therefore said to Him, “Are You a king then?” Jesus answered, “You say rightly that I am a king. For this cause I was born, and for this cause I have come into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.” 38Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?” And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, “I find no fault in Him at all.”
Jesus before Herod Antipas the Tetrarch, Luke 23:6-12
Luke 23:6–12 (NKJV) 6When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked if the Man were a Galilean. 7And as soon as he knew that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time. 8Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad; for he had desired for a long time to see Him, because he had heard many things about Him, and he hoped to see some miracle done by Him. 9Then he questioned Him with many words, but He answered him nothing. 10And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused Him. 11Then Herod, with his men of war, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him back to Pilate. 12That very day Pilate and Herod became friends with each other, for previously they had been at enmity with each other.
Jesus before Pilate the second time, Matthew 27:15-26; Mark 15:6-15; Luke 23:13-25; John 18:39-19:16
Luke 23:13–17 (NKJV) 13Then Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests, the rulers, and the people, 14said to them, “You have brought this Man to me, as one who misleads the people. And indeed, having examined Him in your presence, I have found no fault in this Man concerning those things of which you accuse Him; 15no, neither did Herod, for I sent you back to him; and indeed nothing deserving of death has been done by Him. 16I will therefore chastise Him and release Him” 17(for it was necessary for him to release one to them at the feast).
John 18:39–40 (NKJV) 39“But you have a custom that I should release someone to you at the Passover. Do you therefore want me to release to you the King of the Jews?” 40Then they all cried again, saying, “Not this Man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a robber.
Matthew 27:26 (NKJV) 26Then he released Barabbas to them; and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified.
John 19:1–16 (NKJV) 1So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him. 2And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe. 3Then they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they struck Him with their hands. 4Pilate then went out again, and said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault in Him.” 5Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, “Behold the Man!” 6Therefore, when the chief priests and officers saw Him, they cried out, saying, “Crucify Him, crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “You take Him and crucify Him, for I find no fault in Him.” 7The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to our law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God.” 8Therefore, when Pilate heard that saying, he was the more afraid, 9and went again into the Praetorium, and said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. 10Then Pilate said to Him, “Are You not speaking to me? Do You not know that I have power to crucify You, and power to release You?” 11Jesus answered, “You could have no power at all against Me unless it had been given you from above. Therefore the one who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.” 12From then on Pilate sought to release Him, but the Jews cried out, saying, “If you let this Man go, you are not Caesar’s friend. Whoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar.” 13When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus out and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold your King!” 15But they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!” 16Then he delivered Him to them to be crucified. Then they took Jesus and led Him away.