In every one of the post resurrection appearances of Christ, we learn more about the glorified body and what happens after the resurrection.
Watch carefully how Christ reveals Himself in each of these encounters.
He is the resurrected Christ.
Revelation 1:17–18 (NKJV) And when I saw Him, I fell at His feet as dead. But He laid His right hand on me, saying to me, “Do not be afraid; I am the First and the Last. I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys of Hades and of Death.
- The keys of Hades and death represent the authority and power that Christ has over all who have died and have gone into Hades/Sheol.
- Jesus has the authority over death and all who die.
Hebrews 2:14 (NKJV) 14Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, 15and release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
1 Corinthians 15:54–57 (NKJV) So when this corruptible has put on incorruption, and this mortal has put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: “Death is swallowed up in victory.” “O Death, where is your sting? O Hades, where is your victory?” The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law. But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.
John 5:21–26 (NKJV) 21For as the Father raises the dead and gives life to them, even so the Son gives life to whom He will. 22For the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son, 23that all should honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him. 24“Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life. 25Most assuredly, I say to you, the hour is coming, and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God; and those who hear will live. 26For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has granted the Son to have life in Himself,
Revelation 1:8 (NKJV) “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End,” says the Lord, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”
What proof do we have that Christ arose from the grave?
Acts 1:1–3 (ESV) 1In the first book, O Theophilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began to do and teach, 2until the day when he was taken up, after he had given commands through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen. 3He presented himself alive to them after his suffering by many proofs, appearing to them during forty days and speaking about the kingdom of God.
- “Until the day when He was taken up” – shows Jesus Christ’s continual contact with them after His resurrection.
- He showed Himself to them by personal contact.
- “He presented Himself alive” – Jesus personally revealed that He was alive.
- “By many proofs” – He did many various things that gave convincing demonstrations and unquestionable evidence that He was alive.
- “Appearing to them during forty days” – During the forty days there are ten to eleven appearances of Christ.
- “Speaking about the kingdom of God” – Jesus began showing Himself to them in His glory and majesty as the King Who reigns, (1 Corinthians 15:24-28; Revelation 20:4-6).
The appearances of Jesus Christ after His resurrection:
The women at the tomb – (Matthew 28:1-10; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-12)
- Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome brought spices to anoint Him.
- The stone had been rolled away.
- The angel said, “Come see the place where the Lord lay.”
- The three women, at the bidding of the angel, go to tell His disciples that Jesus has risen.
- “So they went out quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, and ran to bring His disciples word.”
- It appears that Mary Magdalene went ahead and told His disciples.
Then Mary Magdalene, Simon Peter, and John came to the tomb – (John 20:1-10)
- Peter went to see the empty tomb and saw the linen cloths lying there and the handkerchief that was around His head, (John 20:1-10)
- Peter and John went away again to their homes.
(In these first two situations, they did not see Jesus but only saw the empty tomb and the handkerchief and cloths lying in the tomb.)
To Mary Magdalene – (John 20:10-18; Mark 16:9-11)
- Mary Magdalene remained standing by the tomb weeping.
- As she stooped down and looked into the tomb, she saw two angels sitting where the body of Jesus had been.
- The angels asked her: “Woman, why are you weeping?”
- She said “they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.”
- When she said this, Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?”
- She thought He was the gardener.
- Jesus spoke to her and she did not recognize Him.
- Jesus said to her, “Mary!”
John 20:16–17 (NKJV) Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned and said to Him, “Rabboni!” (which is to say, Teacher). Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.’ ”
- Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples what had happened.
As Mary the mother of James and Salome went to tell His disciples, Jesus met them, saying, “Rejoice.” –
- “So they came and held Him by the feet and worshiped Him.” (Matthew 28:9b)
- Then He said to them, “Do not be afraid. Go and tell My brethren to go to Galilee, and there they will see Me.” (Matthew 28:10)
To the two travelers on the road to Emmaus – (Mark 16:12-13; Luke 24:13-16, 30-32)
- Jesus walked and talked with them, but they did not recognize Him.
- He asked them, “What kind of conversation is this that you have with one another as you walk and are sad?” (Luke 24:17)
- They asked “Are You the only stranger in Jerusalem, and have You not known the things which happened there in these days?” (Luke 24:18)
- Jesus asked them “What things?”
- They spoke about Jesus’ life and death.
- They told Him that some of their women found His tomb empty.
- Then He opened the Scriptures concerning Him and His resurrection.
- He stayed with them and broke bread and gave it to them.
- Then their eyes were opened and they recognized Him, and He disappeared from their sight.
- Then they went to Jerusalem to tell the eleven.
- They found the eleven and those with them.
To Simon Peter – (Luke 24:34)
Luke 24:34 They said: “It is true! The Lord has risen and has appeared to Simon.” Then the two told what had happened on the way, and how Jesus was recognized by them when he broke the bread.
(1 Corinthians 15:5)
To the ten – (Luke 24:36-43; John 20:19-25)
- While they were still talking, Jesus Himself stood among them in the upper room and said to them, “Peace be with you.” (Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36; John 20:19)
- In fear, they thought He was a ghost or His spirit.
- Thomas was absent.
- He asked them why they were troubled?
- He showed them His hands and feet.
- He told them “Look at my hand and my feet. It is I myself! Touch me and see; a ghost does not have flesh and bones, as you see I have.”
- They gave Him some broiled fish and honeycomb.
- Then He ate with them and spoke about the prophecies concerning Him.
To the eleven, Thomas is present, (Mark 16:14; John 20:26-29)
- After eight days, His disciples were again inside with the doors closed, and He stood in the midst. (John 20:26-29; 1 Corinthians 15:5)
- Jesus said “Peace to you!”
- Then He turned to Thomas and said “Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving, but believing.” (John 20:26-27)
- Jesus told Thomas, “Because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.” (John 20:19)
In John 21:1-14, Jesus appeared to seven of the disciples by the Sea of Galilee.
- In Mark 14:28, Jesus told them that after He had been raised He would go before them to Galilee.
- Peter and the others decided to go fishing.
- When morning came, Jesus stood on the shore, but they did not know it was Him.
- He asked them if they had any food and they said, “No.”
- Jesus told them to cast the net on the right side of the boat and you will find some.”
- When they did, they were not able to draw the net into the boat because of the multitude of fish.
- John told Peter it was the Lord.
- Jesus said to them, “Come and eat breakfast.”
- They came and Jesus took bread and gave it to them and likewise the fish.
- This is the third time Jesus appeared to His disciples.
Jesus appeared to the eleven disciples as they went away for Galilee to the mountain which Jesus had appointed for them – Matthew 28:16-17
- When they saw Him, they worshiped; but some doubted.
After that, He was seen by James, then by all the apostles – (1 Corinthians 15:7)
Jesus Christ appeared at His ascension – (Mark 16:19; Luke 24:50-51; Acts 1:9-11)
Luke 24:50–52 (NKJV) 50And He led them out as far as Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them. 51Now it came to pass, while He blessed them, that He was parted from them and carried up into heaven. 52And they worshiped Him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy,
- 1 Corinthians 15:6 tells us that over 500 brethren were present, and the greater part of them were still alive at that time.
Acts 1:9–11 (NKJV) 9Now when He had spoken these things, while they watched, He was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight. 10And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as He went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel, 11who also said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will so come in like manner as you saw Him go into heaven.”
Paul said “He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time” – (1 Corinthians 15:8; Acts 22:6-11)
Then John had the great revelation of Jesus Christ on the Isle of Patmos, (Revelation 1:12-20)
Revelation 1:12–17 (NKJV) Then I turned to see the voice that spoke with me. And having turned I saw seven golden lampstands, and in the midst of the seven lampstands One like the Son of Man, clothed with a garment down to the feet and girded about the chest with a golden band. His head and hair were white like wool, as white as snow, and His eyes like a flame of fire; His feet were like fine brass, as if refined in a furnace, and His voice as the sound of many waters; He had in His right hand seven stars, out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword, and His countenance was like the sun shining in its strength. And when I saw Him, I fell at His feet as dead. But He laid His right hand on me, saying to me, “Do not be afraid; I am the First and the Last.