To embark on this endeavor, it is important to see the role the Holy Spirit played in the Lord Jesus.
- We know that from the onset, Jesus was the product of the Holy Spirit.
Matthew 1:20 NKJV But while he thought about these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take to you Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.”
- Before He would enter into public ministry, Jesus was filled with the Holy Spirit while being baptized by John in the Jordan River.
Luke 4:1 NKJV Then Jesus, being filled with the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness.
In Mark 1:10, as soon as Jesus came up out of the water, the heavens parted and the Holy Spirit descended upon Him like a dove.
- Accompanying the descent of the Holy Spirit, a voice was heard from heaven which said, “You are My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
- From that moment, Jesus was led by the Holy Spirit and was empowered for ministry.
In Luke 4:18 NKJV Jesus said, “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, Because He has anointed…”
- Jesus not only reasoned with them and taught from the Law and the Prophets, He ministered in the power of the Spirit.
- In the full power of the Holy Spirit, Jesus’ ministry and words were confirmed with many miracles and healings.
- In Matthew 12:28, Jesus attributed deliverances from demons to the Spirit of God that worked in Him.
- He spoke the words of God by the Spirit that He received without measure. (John 3:34)
Acts 10:38 NKJV “God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.”
Why do we need the Holy Spirit?
- We must have more than human reason to produce real and reliable evidence that changes our lives and saves us.
- There is sound and substantial arguments for Biblical and theological knowledge and reason.
1 Peter 3:15 NKJV But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear.
- We need to be able to give a defense to everyone who asks about the hope we possess.
- It is not enough to speak of our experience.
- Experience is subjective and everyone has one.
- Experience often does not offer sufficient evidence.
- God instilled within us the ability to reason.
- Reason defines humanity as superior to other beings.
- God appeals to the reason of man.
- He wants you to process this through your mind.
Isaiah 1:18 NKJV “Come now, and let us reason together,” Says the Lord, “Though your sins are like scarlet, They shall be as white as snow; Though they are red like crimson, They shall be as wool.
- Religion that is unreasonable cannot be defended.
- By reason alone we learn that there must be a supreme being, God.
- The Bible says “the heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows His handiwork.” (Psalms 19:1)
- Reason can help us understand the Christian message.
- However, reason alone cannot bring salvation.
Without the work of the Holy Spirit, we are in darkness.
Ephesians 4:17-18 NKJV This I say, therefore, and testify in the Lord, that you should no longer walk as the rest of the Gentiles walk, in the futility of their mind, Having their understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart;
- Since the power of sin has darkened the mind, we are too weak by unaided reason to find and know the truth.
- The Holy Spirit Who inspired the revelation, illuminates and confirms its truth.
- We have no true understanding of the Christian faith or our salvation without the work of the Holy Spirit.
Romans 8:16 NKJV The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God.
- True faith is not supported by probable evidence.
- The Holy Spirit certifies faith and truth with positive evidence.
- This positive evidence demonstrates the certainty that is in the Word.
- Positive evidence addresses the powers of the curse and the consequences of the fall.
- To that end, the Holy Spirit confirms the Word with signs following.
- He addresses every area where the curse has had power and evidence.
Mark 16:17 tells us “signs will follow those who believe…”
In Mark 16:20 they went out and preached (reasoned with the people) everywhere,” and “the word was confirmed through accompanying signs.”
In John 6:2, the “multitudes followed Jesus, because they saw His signs which He performed.”
The Holy Spirit overcomes the effects of sin.
- Sin has profoundly distorted the mind and conscience.
Titus 1:15 NKJV To the pure all things are pure, but to those who are defiled and unbelieving nothing is pure; but even their mind and conscience are defiled.
Romans 1:28 tells us that since “they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a debased (depraved, perverted) mind.”
- That distorted and depraved mind makes it impossible to have confidence by faith in the absolute certainty of God.
- God wants His people to have confidence, so the Holy Spirit delivers knowledge of God by faith.
- Then He certifies what He reveals with accompanying signs.
The Spirit reveals supernatural truth.
- Without the Holy Spirit, we would be in darkness about the mysteries of the Trinity, salvation, and matters that are revealed only in the Bible.
1 Corinthians 2:9-10 NKJV But as it is written: “Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, Nor have entered into the heart of man The things which God has prepared for those who love Him.” But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God.
- Pay attention to the fact that God has prepared these things for those who love Him, and has revealed them by His Spirit.
1 Corinthians 2:11 NKJV For what man knows the things of a man except the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so no one knows the things of God except the Spirit of God.
John 16:13 NKJV However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come.
- The Holy Spirit has wisdom that man’s wisdom and reason cannot know or find.
- When the Holy Spirit reveals these things, “the natural man does not receive them, for they are foolishness to him, nor can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.” (1 Corinthians 2:13-14)
- Reason and natural understanding is inadequate to reveal the wisdom and knowledge of God.
- The mysteries of the kingdom and of Christ are foolishness to the natural man.
- This is why Romans 8:5-8 tells us “to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.”
How then can we understand and know these things?
1 Corinthians 2:16 (NKJV) “We have the mind of Christ.”
- The inner presence and witness of the Holy Spirit enables believers to discern and know God’s will, works, and mind and make them more like Christ.
The Spirit is necessary to give faith.
- Faith is a gift of God, and no one can believe without it.
- Without faith, no one can please God.
Ephesians 2:8-9 NKJV For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast.
- God alone is the basis for faith.
- Reason can prove God exists but it cannot convince an unbeliever to believe in God.
- Without the work of the Holy Spirit, no knowledge is able to cause unbelievers to come to God.
- Faith does not involve a search by natural reason to prove what is believed.
The Spirit gives motive to believe.
- There are two motives to belief.
- From without, something (miracles, human appeal) attempts to persuade to believe.
- From within, the Holy Spirit inspires and gives evidence that surpasses nature or external influences.
- The inner testimony of the Holy Spirit causes belief and trust in God.
The Spirit makes probable evidence certain.
- When the Holy Spirit works, He brings certainty to our faith.
- Can we be certain if our faith only rests on human testimony?
Mark 16:20 NKJV And they went out and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming the word through the accompanying signs. Amen.
- The Bible, inspired by the Holy Spirit, gives certainty and infallible authority to faith.
- They preached the Word and the Holy Spirit confirmed it with certifying signs.
- So, the Word that was inspired was confirmed with evidence that certified what was said.
Hebrews 2:3-4 NKJV How shall we escape if we neglect so great a salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed to us by those who heard Him, God also bearing witness both with signs and wonders, with various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to His own will?
- It is the Holy Spirit Who breaths life into revelation.
- However clear the evidence may be, without the work of the Holy Spirit no one is convinced of the certainty of the truth.
- The same Spirit who spoke by the prophets must penetrate our hearts and convince us that the message is true and divinely given.
- When the Holy Spirit inwardly instructs, He convinces, convicts, and enlightens.
- He does that so we no longer believe because of our own judgment or that of others.
- We are convinced by the witness of the Holy Spirit Who certifies the truth so that we are perfectly assured and confident.
- Without the Spirit’s confirmation, all argument, instruction and support from the church is in vain.
- The Holy Spirit always convinces people of the truth with evidence.
- He always builds and gives faith along with evidence.
- With the truth, He prepares the soul to receive the evidence.
- The Holy Spirit works in and through evidence to convince people of the truth of Christianity.
- The Word will tell us, “By His stripes you were healed.”
(1 Peter 2:24)
- We can accept that by faith.
- The Holy Spirit certifies the truth by healing the sick.
- The Word tells us, “If anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation.” (2 Corinthians 5:17)
- We celebrate by reason that we are new.
- The Holy Spirit certifies the Word with the new birth and the regeneration of the Spirit. The old things pass away and all things become new.
- The Word tells us, “you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit comes upon you.” (Acts 1:8)
- The Holy Spirit certifies the Word by indwelling believers and giving boldness and confidence.
- He removes inconsistencies and brings stability and strength.
- He enables believers with works of power.